Korea Space Launch Vehicle-KSLV (South Korea)
Russia and South Korea had signed an inter-governmental agreement on cooperation in exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes. They agreed to jointly develop and build a space booster complex for South Korea based on the small-lift KSLV-1 launch vehicle. The KSLV-I contract was signed in October 2004. The first stage of KSLV-I was developed and fabricated in Russia while the second stage and payload were designed and built in S.Korea.
On behalf of the Russian side the contract was signed by Alexander Medvedev, then the Director General of Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center -KhSC ( KhSC being the Prime Contractor responsible for the overall design of the Space Rocket Complex) as well as by Boris Katorgin, Designer General, Energomash Research and Production Association (as the designer and manufacturer of the engines for Stage I), and Gennady Biryukov, Director General, Design Bureau for Transport Engineering (KBTM) (as the Ground Facility designer).From the Korean side Dr. Chae Yeon-Seok, President, Korean Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) signed the contract.
The Contract has been the result of a long (more than two years) and effort-consuming exercise. As the prerequisite for the Contract sign-off South Korea joined the international agreement designed to prevent proliferation of missile technologies. All documentation was reviewed by the Federal Space Agency (FSA) and the joint project to build the Korean rocket complex was approved during the visit of Mr. Roh Moo Hyun, President of the Republic of Korea , to Russia.
Under the contract, KhSC designed and fabricated Stage 1 for KSLV-1, while Stage 2 was designed and manufactured in South Korea.
The Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) is the Customer in KSLV project. The Mocsow-based Khrunichev Space Center is the prime contractor on the Russian side. The other Russian participants include NPO Energomash (designer and builder of the first stage propulsion system) and Transportation Machine-Building Design Bureau (designer of the ground complex). The Russian specialists designed the ground facilities of Naro, S.Korea’s first spaceport, and took part in its construction. The facilities of the Naro Space Center will support space launches and mission control. The first stone for the launch pad was brought from the famed Gagarin’s Pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome.
The Space Rocket Complex (SRC) will comprise a launch vehicle, launch pad and processing facilities, ground infrastructure (monitoring assets, power supply, office areas, living quarters, roads, etc.) and a mission control center. KhSC will be the lead developer of SRC. The Ground Facility will be designed by the Design Bureau for Transport Engineering. Energomash will design and produce the engines for the 1 st Stage of the Launch Vehicle. South Korean companies and organizations will also be involved in the design and manufacturing process for different elements of the Complex. The Korean Aerospace Research Institute is the Customer in this project.
KSLV-1 is capable of launching 100 kg payload into low elliptical orbits with an altitude of 300 km in perigee and 1500 km in apogee. The launch vehicle is 33 meters long and 2.9 meters in diameter, and its overall mass is 140 MT.
On 19 June, 2009, the prototype of the Stage I manufactured by Khrunichev was delivered from Russia to South Korea aboard an Antonov transport plane operated by Polet Airliner. The first launch of the KSLV-1 took place in 2009. The KSLV booster (also known as Naro-1 LV), carrying the S. Korea's STSAT-2 satellite, was launched from the Naro Space Center on August 25. The Russian side of the joint project should regard the launch as successful while for the Korean side it is only partially so. The first stage of KSLV-I, developed and fabricated by the Russia's Khrunichev Space Center, performed nominally.
On April 4, 2010, the first stage for Naro-2, developed and fabricated by Khrunichev, was delivered from Russia to South Korea aboard transport plane operated by Russia’s Polyot carrier.
South Korean KSLV-1 (The First Korean Space Launch Vehicle), a space rocket known as Naro-Two, was launched at 5:01 p.m. local time from the Naro National Space Center on June 10, 2010. The liftoff was nominal. However, 136 seconds into the flight all telemetry data downlink was terminated. It can be concluded at this point that an off-nominal event had occurred. A joint failure review board was be set up by Korean and Russian specialists to investigate the causes.
A successful launch of KSLV-1 took place in 2013. KSLV-1 carrying a South Korean research spacecraft, the STSAT-2C lifted off from the Naro Space Center at 11 a.m. Moscow Time on 30 January 2013. The satellite was put into designated elliptical orbit at 11:09 a.m. Moscow Time.
KSLV-1 launched from Naro, January 30, 2013