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Main » Products and Services » Launch Vehicles » Angara Launch Vehicles Family

Angara Launch Vehicles Family

ANGARA SPACE LAUNCH SYSTEM  

 

  • The Angara Space Launch System has been declared a program of national importance.
  • Khrunichev is the prime designer and manufacturer of this system while the Ministry of Defense and the Federal Space Agency are the Government

customers.

  •  The commissioning of the Angara system will enable Russia to launch any type of spacecraft from its own territory, providing it with independent

and assured access to outer space. 

  • The launch system is being created through the cooperation of Russian industrial enterprises and construction organizations using exclusively domestic parts.

 

ANGARA LAUNCH VECHILES FAMILY

 

  • The state-of-the-art Angara space launch system is a family of next-generation, environmentally friendly launchers now under development in Russia on the basis of the URM Common Core Booster (CCB), using LOX/kerosene engines.
  • The launch system is being created through the cooperation of Russian industrial enterprises and construction organizations using exclusively domestic parts.
  • The Angara product line includes small- to heavy-lift launchers featuring LEO payload capabilities of 3.5 MT to 37, 5 MT (Angara A5V).
  • Different Angara versions are implemented in practice using so many common core boosters (CCB), i.e., the URM-1 for the first and second stages of the Angara 3 and Angara 5 LVs and the URM-2 for third stage of the Angara 3 and Angara 5 rockets. One CCB is used by the small-lift Angara 1.2 LV. Angara 5 uses the maximum number of URM-1common core boosters.
  • The CCB design benefits from the manufacturing hardware and tooling available at, and the state-of-the-art processes well mastered by, Khrunichev. Switching to the modular design was driven by the need to minimize the scope of ground developmental testing by bringing it

    down to the testing of essentially one CCB. CCB is a complete product comprising an oxidizer tank and a fuel tank that are interconnected via a spacer, and a propulsion bay. Each common core booster is equipped with one high-performance LOX/kerosene RD-191 liquid-

    propellant engine that uses an oxygen-rich staged combustion cycle. The engine design derives from the RD-170/171 engines, which were developed for the Energia multipurpose transportation system, and are currently used in the Zenit launch vehicle. Payloads are accommodated

    under an oversized/hammerhead fairing.

  • The Angara launch vehicles do not use corrosive or toxic UDMH-based propellants, which significantly reduces the systems environmental impact,both in the region adjacent to the cosmodrome and in the drop areas for separated LV parts.
  • The high degree of standardization and modularity combined with the unique design solutions employed would allow any member of the Angara family to be launched from the same pad.

 

LAUNCH SITE: Plesetsk First State Test Cosmodrome (Arkhangelsk province).

A second launch site is planned to be built at the new Russian Vostochny Cosmodrome, whose construction has been started in the Far East.

 

 

MULTIPURPOSE LAUNCH COMPLEX

 

The high degree of standardization and modularity combined with the unique design solutions employed would allow any member of the Angara family to be launched from the same pad. The Angara launch system ground infrastructure created at Plesetsk includes an LV processing facility and a multipurpose launch complex (MLC) designed to launch this type of rocket.

 

 FLIGHT TESTS

  • A prototype of Angaras first stage, URM-1, has been flight-tested on three occasions (2009, 2010, 2013) as part of Koreas KSLV-1.
  • Flight tests of the Angara Space Rocket Complex took place at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in 2014.

The tests began at Plesetsk Cosmodrome on 9 July 2014, with the launch of an Angara 1.2 ML (Maiden Launch) small-lift Integrated Launch Vehicle (ILV), ILV.

The Angara-1.2ML ILV comprises two stages that are based on Common Core Boosters (URM-1 and URM-2), a payload mockup with a mass of 1.43MT, and a payload fairing. The propulsion system runs on ecologically clean components, oxygen and kerosene. Angara-1.2ML ILV liftoff mass is approximately 171MT. Read more>>

 

The next phase of Angara flight tests began at Plesetsk on 23 December 2014, with the launch of an  Angara 5 heavy-lift LV. The main purpose of such testing is to verify the SRC readiness for launching heavy spacecraft to geostationary orbits. The Angara-5.1L Integrated Launch Vehicle (ILV) consists of a three-stage Angara-5, made up of generic modules (common core boosters) and an ascent unit (AU). The AU comprises a satellite (payload) mass-size mockup, which is installed on the Breeze M upper stage booster under a payload fairing. The launch vehicle propulsion system operates on environmentally-safe fuel components, oxygen and kerosene. The lift-off mass of Angara-5.1L ILV is app. 768MT, the mockup mass is 2.04MT.  The LV launch and mission and subsequent orbital injection of the payload mock-up proceeded nominally.

Read more>>

 

Angara Family Performance Data 

 

Descriptions

Angara 1.2

(Small-lift)

Angara 3

(Medium-lift)

Angara 5

(Heavy-lift)

Lift-off mass,t

171 

481 

773 

Payload mass (kg)

 - Parking orbit ( H circ = 200 km, i  = 63 )

3.5

14.0

24.0

 - GTO (geosynchronous transfer orbit, i  = 25 ,  H p  = 5500 km), Breeze M/KVSK (commercial SC)

-

2.4 (w/Breeze M)

-

7.5 (w/KVTK)

 5.4 (w/Breeze M)

 - GSO (geostationary orbit, H circ  = 35,786 km, i  = 0), Breeze M/KVTK

(federal SC)

-

1.0 (w/Breeze M)

4.5 (w/KVTK)

 2.8 (w/Breeze M)

-SSTO

2.4

-

-

Launch base               Plesetsk (Arkhangelsk Region, Northern Russia)

 

 

 

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