Angara, Russia’s brand-new launch vehicle, is successfully launched from Plesetsk
The MoD State Testing Cosmodrome (Plesetsk Cosmodrome) in the Archangelsk Region is witnessing the initial flight tests of Angara-1.2, the latest Russian space rocket complex.
Per State Commission decision, the light-lift Angara-1.2ML (“Maiden Launch”) integrated launch vehicle (ILV) with a not-to-be-separated payload dummy lifted off from the Angara multi-purpose launch pad, earlier today, the 9th of July. The test launch of the new Angara-1.2 family launch vehicle was performed by Aerospace Force teams.
All ground processing operations, the launch and the mission of Angara-1.2ML have proceeded nominally.
The ILV mission proceeded over the Russian territory along a ballistic trajectory in compliance with the approved timeline. Following the liftoff and the subsequent separation of Stage 1, the payload fairing was jettisoned during Stage 2 powered flight. Stage 1 and the fairing dropped into a targeted impact area in the southern part of the Barents Sea. 21 minutes after liftoff Stage 2 and the firmly attached mass/dimensional payload simulator reached the targeted impact area of the Kura Range on the Kamchatka peninsula 5700 km away from the launch site.
The Angara-1.2ML ILV comprises two stages that are based on Common Core Boosters (URM-1 and URM-2), a payload mockup with a mass of 1.43MT, and a payload fairing. The propulsion system runs on ecologically clean components, oxygen and kerosene. Angara-1.2ML ILV liftoff mass is approximately 171MT.
Angara Space Rocket Complex and Launch of Angara-1.2ML Integrated Launch Vehicle (“Maiden Launch”)
The Angara Space Rocket Complex (“Angara SRC”) is one of the priorities in Russia’s national program to develop launch systems using exclusively the domestic R&D and production potential.
Building the Angara SRC is a task of particular national importance. When the Angara SRC becomes operational, Russia will be in a position to launch all types of satellites from its own territory, thereby gaining a guaranteed independent access to outer space.
The Angara SRC state customers are the Ministry of Defense and Federal Space Agency while the chief design and development contractor is the Khrunichev Space Center.
The Angara LV family includes a range of light-, medium-, and heavy-lift launch vehicles based on generic modules. The Angara family will have the capacity to translate virtually the entire range of would-be payloads to orbits of the entire range of altitudes and inclinations including geostationary orbits, affording true independence to domestic space programs. The modular principle supports the buildup of various launch vehicle classes by just using so many generic boosters: one for the light-lift, three for the medium-lift and five for the heavy-lift.
The launch of Angara-1.2ML Integrated Launch Vehicle (ILV) is performed from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome launch pad. The purpose of the launch is to inject the stack comprising LV Stage 2 and a not-to-be-separated payload dummy to a ballistic trajectory, whereupon the stack will drop into the targeted impact area in the Kamchatka Peninsula.
The Angara-1.2ML mission will usher in the flight testing program for the new-generation Angara SRC.
The two-stage Angara-1.2ML runs on ecologically clean components, oxygen and kerosene. The parts and components used in the Angara design are all domestically produced.
The generic modules (Common Core Boosters) serve as basis for building light-, medium-, and heavy-lift launch vehicles.
Standardization and commonality of the parts being used, combined with unique design solutions, make it possible to launch all LVs of the Angara family from one multi-purpose launch pad.
A prototype of Angara-1.2ML, URM-1 Common Core Booster, has seen three flight tests as part of KSLV-1, the first South Korean launch vehicle.
Angara-1.2ML ILV performance data
Purposes of Angara-1.2ML ILV launch
The purposes of Angara-1.2ML ILV launch are:
- Verify functionality of Angara SRC elements during ground processing and launch
- Test functionality of Angara onboard systems
- Test functionality of operating documentation
Angara-1.2ML ILV flight chart
The Angara-1.2ML ILV lifts off from the Angara multi-purpose launch pad at Plesetsk.
Following the generation of required velocity Stages 1 and 2 will separate. The payload fairing is jettisoned during Stage 2 powered flight.
Stage 1 and the fairing are dropped into a targeted impact area in the southern part of the Barents Sea.
Stage 2 propulsion system is cut off at the required time to ensure that Stage 2 with the firmly attached payload mockup fall to the targeted area of the Kura range in the Kamchatka Peninsula, 5700 km away from the liftoff point.
The entire ILV flight proceeds over the territory of Russia. The Angara-1.2ML ILV does not fly over any foreign country or its economic zone.